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Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti

The blessed Khawaja “Gharib Nawaz” (The Patron of the Poor)

Pic by Photographer No. 1 (Firoze Shakir)

“Love towards all ,Malice towards none”

The blessed Khawaja “Gharib Nawaz”

Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. popularly known as Khwaja Gharib Nawaz
(The Patron of the Poor) was the founder of the Chishtiyyah Order of
Sufis in India. He is one of the most outstanding figures in the
history of Islamic Mysticism.
The
Chishtiyyah Silsila is one of the most popular and influential mystic
orders in Islam. It derives its name from Chisht, a village near Herat,
where the real founder of the Order, Khwaja Abu Ishaq r.a. of Syria,
settled. Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. brought the Silsila to
India at the close of the 11th century A.D. and established its centre
in Ajmer, whence the order spread far and wide in India and became a
force in the spiritual life of the Muslims.
Hazrat
Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. was born in 536 A.H./1141 A.D. in
Sajistan (Persia) and was the direct descendent of a noble family
coming down from a direct lineage of the holy Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.s.
He was a Hassani and a Hussaini Syed [’Syed’ means one’s ancestry can
be traced back to the Prophet Muhammad, p.b.u.h. himself and in this
case through both Hadrat Hassan, r.a. and Hadrat Hussain, r.a., who
were the sons of Hadrat Ali, r.a.]. He was brought up in Khorasan and
received his early education at home from his father, Hazrat Syed
Ghayasuddin, r.a. At the age of 9, he committed the Holy Qur’an to memory.
After
the demise of his father, he inherited a grinding stone and a garden,
which formed a source of his livelihood. From an early age he loved the
company of saints, mystics and dervishes. The persistent sacks and
destruction of Khorasan (including Sajistan) by the hordes of Ghuzz
tribe of the barbarous Tartars proved to be a turning point of his life
at the early age of 14. Fired by overwhelming human passion, he was
divinely inspired to renounce the world at this early age.
Distributing
all his worldly belongings to the poor, he went to Bukhara and
Samarqand to join the famous Nizamia Universities there for his
theological education. He brilliantly completed his academic courses in
5 years.
In
order to quench his spiritual thirst, he left Iraq for Arabia and on
his return from there he undertook a journey to a place called Harwan
(a.k.a. Haroon). He became the Murid of Hazrat Khwaja Usman
Harooni r.a., a great Sufi mystic of his time. Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin
Chishti r.a. remained in the company of his Pir-o-Murshid and travelled with him carrying his Murshid’s belongings on his head. They travelled to Mecca, Medina, Iraq, Syria, Samarqand, Afghanistan, etc. meeting many great saints.
While
they were in Mecca, Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni r.a. took Hazrat Khwaja
Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. to the Holy Ka’bah and made Du’a
[supplications] for him and a voice was heard declaring: “We have accepted Mu’inuddin as one of our beloved devotees.” In Medina Sharif, [Sharif = noble] while in the Darbar of Sayyidina Rasulullah   s.a.w.s  
Hazrat Khwaja Usman Harooni r.a. instructed Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin
Chishti r.a. to offer his homage and salutations respectfully. In doing
so, a voice was heard saying, “Wa alaikumus salaam ya qutbul
mashaa’ikh-e-bahr-o-bar (Peace be upon you also, O Head of the Pious of
the earth and the sea).” On hearing this his Pir-o-Murshid said to him, “Now indeed you have reached perfection.”
After full 20 years hard training in Islamic mysticism under this great Pir-o-Murshid, Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin r.a. was bestowed with Khilafat in the Chishtiyyah Silsila. His Murshid, [Shaikh] after advising him, handed over his Asa Mubarak (Sacred Staff), wooden sandals and Musallah to Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin (radi Allahu anhu) saying that those Tabbarukaats have come down from Sayyidina Rasulullah s.a.w.s. in succession.
In 583 A.H. [1187 C.E.] when he was absorbed in prayer at the Holy Ka’bah, he heard a voice saying, “O Mu’inuddin! We are greatly pleased with you. You have been given salvation. Ask for anything that you may like.” He submitted respectfully, O Allah, give salvation to the followers and disciples of Mu’inuddin. A reply was heard, “O
Mu’inuddin, you are accepted by Us. I will give salvation to your
followers and disciples and also to those who may enter your fold till
the Day of Qiyamat.”
After performing the Hajj, he was once again divinely inspired from Medina Sharif to go to Ajmer (India) to preach Islam: “O
Mu’inuddin, you are the helper of my religion. I entrust to you the
country of Hindustan (India). Proceed to Ajmer and spread the gospel of
truth.” Not knowing where Ajmer was situated, the Holy Prophet
s.a.w.s came in Hazrat Khwaja Sahib’s r.a. dream and showed him where
the city of Ajmer was situated.
On
his way to Ajmer and passing through Afghanistan, Hazrat Khwaja
Mu’inuddin Chishti’s r.a. spiritual impact converted the notorious and
cruel Yadgar Muhammad into one of Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin’s r.a.
devoted Murids. Yadgar Muhammad did not previously recognize and
respect the first three Caliphs of Islam; neither had he any respect
for Sufis nor for any holy saints. Now, after meeting Hazrat Khwaja
Sahib r.a., Yadgar Muhammad repented and distributed his wealth to the
poor and needy, divorced his many wives, freed all his slaves and
renounced the world. He stayed and travelled with his Murshid.
Hazrat
Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. proceeded to Delhi via Fort Shadman,
Multan, Lahore and Samana. At Lahore, he stayed for 40 days that the
Mazaar Sharif of Hazrat Data Ganj Baksh (Hazrat Ali Hujwiri r.a.) In
Delhi, Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin r.a. started delivering his sermons and
discourses in a soft language dipped in honey attracting thousands of
Hindus and Muslims. But he had set his sight on Ajmer, which had been
away from the light of learning and guidance. He wanted the city of
Ajmer to be the centre of learning, teaching and spiritual activities.
Hazrat
Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. reached Ajmer with about 40 followers in
the year 587 A.H. Here he received fierce opposition from the ruler of
Ajmer, Raja Pritvi Raj. He did nothing to antagonize the Hindu ruler.
His mission was simply that of love and learning, purity and guidance.
In a short time, the entire area was filled with the truth of unity of
Allah. Men and women in thousands took the oath of allegiance on his
hands.
But
this large-scale conversion to Islam displeased the Hindu ruler and he
started putting the Muslims to hardships. Pritvi Raj sent Ajai Pal and
Sadhu Ram, who were magicians, to destroy Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin
Chishti r.a. with black magic, but they failed at every turn. Both Ajai
Pal and Sadhu Ram were so much impressed by Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin
Chishti r.a. that they accepted Islam and became his devoted Murids.
A
great Muslim army general, Shahabuddin Ghouri, who was in Khorasan, saw
Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. in a dream who instructed the
general, “It has been ordained by Allah that you shall be the
ruler of India. Direct your attention soon and arrest Pritvi Raj and
punish him.” Acting upon this instruction, Shahabuddin Ghouri came
to India to face the army of Pritvi Raj. The Muslim general and the
small band of Muslim army, encountering fierce opposition, eventually
defeated the Hindu army and went to Ajmer to pay homage to Hazrat
Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. and become his Murid.
Hazrat
Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. was the embodiment of plain living and
high thinking. His noble disposition, his marvellous self-control, his
renunciation, self abnegation, selfless service, his patience, his
love, fortitude and courage earned him the respect from his admirers
and devotees. He passed his days in Almighty Allah’s remembrance. He
was free from avarice and greed. He had no lust for power, no wish for
name and fame, and no desire for wealth. He sought only the pleasure of
Allah and His Rasul s.a.w.s. [Messenger]. He was deeply loved by his Pir-o-Murshid, who used to say, “Our
Mu’inuddin is a beloved of Allah and I feel proud of the fact that he
is my disciple. He followed the Holy Prophet s.a.w.s. very faithfully
in his daily life. The fear of Allah forever dominated hismind.”Hazrat
Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki r.a. says that he never saw a beggar or any needy leaving his door without taking something . Hence one of his popular titles was “Gharib Nawaz” (Patron of the Poor).
Although
Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. did not know the language of
Hindustan because he spoke Persian, he converted about nine and a half
million into the folds of Islam. Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a.
did not conquer India with his sword but with love. The Sama mehfils [assemblies of religious music] of his proved as a cementing force for the spread of Islam and brought the people together.
Shaikh Mu’inuddin Ibn Arabi, Hazrat Fariduddin Attar, Hazrat Shams-e-Tabriz and Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi rahmatula alaihim were all contemporaries of Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a.
On the 14th of Jamad-us Thani 627 A.H., Khwaja Sahib r.a. bestowed the Khilafat upon Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki r.a.
On
Monday, 6th Rajab in 627 A.H. [April 29, 1230 C.E..], after the night
prayers, Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. went into his room and
did not allow anyone to enter. When the door remained closed at the
time of Morning Prayer, his devotees opened the door and found that
Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti r.a. passed away. On his blessed
forehead was written: “He was the beloved of Allah, and he died in the Love of Allah.”
Hazrat Khwaja Mu’inuddin Chishti’s r.a. Mazaar Sharif
[noble tomb] is in Ajmer Sharif and thousands of people assemble there
every day to pay respects to the greatest saint of the Chishtiyya
Silsila.

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7 responses to “Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti

  1. jitender

    November 11, 2008 at 4:03 am

    very very thank you for providing this useful information on net…..

     
  2. Mrs. Gagan aggarwal

    August 8, 2009 at 8:24 pm

    Thanx a tonns.great job.realy thanx by heart no mre words to express.

     
  3. ADEEL KHAN

    November 8, 2009 at 7:14 pm

    I VEY HAPPY TO SEE DAGAH ON.ALTHOUGH I CANNOT COME TO INDIA BECAUSE I AM PAKISTANI.BUT I REALLY LOVE GHARIB NAWAZ

     
  4. shoaib

    March 24, 2010 at 6:17 am

    masha allah

     
    • Nazeer Ahmed

      January 15, 2011 at 10:40 am

      i love so much from all Friend of ALLAH

       
  5. Miskeen Muhammad Shoaib

    November 14, 2010 at 2:39 am

    AGAR ALLAH PAK MUJEY ROZANA MARIAN AND PHIR ZINDA KARIAN MAIN HR BAR KHOWJA BAB G R.A. K NAAM PR QURBAN HO JOON…..AIK ADNA GHULAM OF KHOWJA BABA G

     
  6. ambreen

    May 7, 2012 at 7:37 pm

    itni achi knowledgw deny walo ko thanx or walion ka zikartu qayamat tak zinda rahy ga inshallah

     

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